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PSY 101 - Introduction to Psychology - Textbook

Learning Outcomes

  • Define social psychology
  • Describe situational versus dispositional influences on behavior
  • Describe the fundamental attribution error
  • Describe social roles and how they influence behavior
  • Explain what social norms are and how they influence behavior
  • Define script
  • Describe the findings of Zimbardo’s Stanford prison experiment
  • Define attitude
  • Describe how people’s attitudes are internally changed through cognitive dissonance
  • Explain how people’s attitudes are externally changed through persuasion
  • Describe the peripheral and central routes to persuasion
  • Explain the Asch effect
  • Define conformity and types of social influence
  • Describe Stanley Milgram’s experiment and its implications
  • Define groupthink, social facilitation, and social loafing
  • Define and distinguish among prejudice, stereotypes, and discrimination
  • Provide examples o prejudice, stereotypes, and discrimination
  • Explain why prejudice and discrimination exist
  • Define aggression
  • Define cyberbullying
  • Describe the bystander effect
  • Describe altruism
  • Describe conditions that influence the formation of relationships
  • Identify what attracts people to each other
  • Describe the triangular theory of love
  • Explain social exchange theory in relationships
  • Explain when people help.                                                                          
  • Describe pluralistic ignorance and diffusion of responsibility.
  • Explain who helps. Explain why people help. What conclusions can we make about helping?


Click on the links below to access the assigned reading.

    12.1 What Is Social Psychology?
    12.2 Self-presentation
    12.3 Attitudes and Persuasion
    12.4 Conformity, Compliance, and Obedience
    12.5 Prejudice and Discrimination
    12.6 Aggression
    12.7 Prosocial Behavior


Social Psychology. Authored by: OpenStax CNX. Located at: License: CC BY-4.0. License Terms: Download for free at

Helping and ProSocial Behavior Authored by: Dennis L. Poepsel and David A. Schroeder. Located at: License: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. License Details: Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available in our Licensing Agreement