At the conclusion of the chapter students will be able to
Unintentional injuries are the most common cause of death and permanent disability in children. Other common causes include drowning, fire/burns, suffocation, falls and poisoning. The use of the term unintentional injury is preferred to accidents in reference to injuries sustained by children. Infants and children are most at risk. Adults should be aware of conditions that contribute to unintentional injury and also take appropriate measures to protect children from injuries. For example, It is important to ensure that children are properly buckled up in a car seat, or seat belt, appropriate for their age, height and weight.
Adults should also ensure that children are provided with safe toys and play equipment. Extra caution should taken during field trips and adequate preparedness and emergency response is imperative during as inclement weather or natural disasters and other emergencies.
Discuss the types of emergencies and how to manage injuries and acute illnesses as well as the risks involved as outline below
Emergencies might affect your classroom, program, local area, region, or the entire country. Examples of emergencies that typically affect child development programs are:
1. Acute Illnesses : Identify common acute illnesses in children such as shock, asthma, seizures, drowning etc. and how to manage or refer as may be appropriate.
2. Injuries: Children and staff may experience bodily harm while in your program. This may result from falls, accidents, or contact with poisonous substances.
3. Inclement weather: Snow, ice, or extreme heat can impact the safety of children and families.
4. Technology failure: Electricity or water outages can impact the way your program operates.
5. Missing child: This type of emergency occurs when a child leaves or is taken from the program without authorization.
6. Natural disasters: This type of disaster includes flooding, tornadoes, hurricanes, blizzards, forest fires, wildfires, earthquakes, tsunamis, or other similar events.
7.Disease outbreaks or epidemic: This type of disaster involves the rapid spread of severe, potentially deadly illnesses like the flu.