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HLT 111 - Health and the Young Child - Textbook

Chapter 3: Children's Growth and Development

Chapter Objectives

At the conclusion of this chapter, students will be able to

  1. Assess and screen children for common growth and development abnormalities
  2. Identify common developmental disorders in children
  3. Define the term neurodiversity and discuss its significance
  4. Assess and screen children for height and weight
  5. Assess and screen children for common medical and dental conditions
  6. Assess and screen children for vision and hearing
  7. Outline speech and  language developmental mile stones in children
  8. Demonstrate knowledge and skills on how to conduct referral after screening test results


Vision Problems
As an educator, teachers have an important role to play in the future success of the students you teach. Oftentimes, they are the first one to notice vision/learning problems in the classroom. Vision has a direct effect on how well a child learns. Most of the learning (80%) during a child’s pre-teen years  is acquired  through vision. Children with vision problem may not recognize that they have problem seeing because   the changes in vision are so gradual that they may not be noticed.  If left untreated, vision problems can result in serious learning challenges and behavioral problems.  Screening children for vision problems is helpful but not a substitute for a thorough eye examination by a pediatric ophthalmologist.

Hearing Loss
Children first start learning about the world by instinctively using their five senses. Hearing loss can affect a child’s ability to learn, to  develop speech, language, and social skills.  A child’s inability to follow direction may often be mistaken for not paying attention or just ignoring, but could be the result of a partial or complete hearing loss.  Screening for hearing loss will help identify children in need of services to address the hearing problem and help kids reach their full potential.

Chapter Review and Discussion Questions

Read the material made available, and answer the following Questions from your reading by writing true  if the statement is true or false if the statement is false.

1. The sense of hearing is used to obtain 80% of learning by children under 12 years.

2.  Problems with vision may lead to problem learning in children.

3. Vision screening leads to a diagnosis of the visual problem. 

4. Children who had vision screening do not need a vision exam. 

5. Teachers are licensed to make a diagnosis of visual problems in children.

6. A child holding a reading material close to his/her face may have visual problem.

Group Discussion

Discuss the definition and significance of the term neurodiversity.  Read about neurodiversity movement and share your thoughts in class.