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Nursing & Health Resources at Hostos Library: Understanding research

Library resources for LPN and RN students

Structure of a Research Paper

Scientific articles in the health sciences tend to be structured similarly, in the IMRAD format.  IMRAD is an acronym that stands for:

I = Introduction & Importance : the authors make a case for the research. What do we know about the subject and why is this research important?

M = Methods: the authors explain how they conducted their research

R = Results: the authors describe their findings and the outcomes of the research

and

D = Discussion: the authors discuss findings, explain how it relates to other research, discuss limitations of the study and directions for future research.

PICO

PICO helps you formulate a targeted research question. 

P=Problem or Patient

I=Intervention or Indicator

C=Comparison

O=Outcome

 

PICO questions can fall into the following categories:

Therapy/Prevention

Therapy/Treatment

Diagnosis

Etiology/Causes

Prognosis

Frequency or rate

Phenomenon

General resources for understanding research