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Citation, quoting, and paraphrasing: Citing Sources in Chicago Format

Help with paraphrasing, quoting, citation, and how to avoid plaigarism.

I Need Help Citing Sources In Chicago Format

Chicago format is typically used in history and other humanities disciplines. There are two types of Chicago format:

  • The author-date style uses parenthetical citations (the citation information is within parentheses beside the quoted or paraphrased information).
  • The note-bibliography (NB) style requires the use of footnotes or endnotes (the citation information is either at the foot of the page or at the end of the article and is noted at the end of the quoted or paraphrased text with a number in superscript). 

Both styles are explained in detail in the Chicago Manual of Style Online.

Style Guides: 


Writing with Microsoft Word: In Microsoft Word you can also set your default document layout to Chicago style. The video below explains how. 

Sample student papers

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I need help citing my sources